A guide to the Transmilenio in Bogota
Transmilenio has become the most revolutionary bus company in the Colombian capital city. Today, colombiabybus brings you a complete guide to travel by this bus company, the flagship of Bogota.
One of the main problems that Bogota has is that traffic can be chaotic. On average, the people of Bogota have to travel approximately one hour to their place of work. This massive mobilization also includes the inhabitants of neighboring municipalities that work in Bogota. This massive mobilization of people generates traffic in the city be dense and slow.
A big solution for a big problem
As a solution to the mobility problems of the inhabitants of the capital, in the year 2000, the Millennium Mass Transit System was inaugurated: Transmilenio. A system that mobilizes 69% of the population daily, corresponding to approximately more than two million users per day. The system has 12 trunks and 147 stations counting only those available from the articulated bus system.
Currently the system has not only articulated bus service systems, now it also functions as an integrated public transport system. This makes transportation accessible to almost every corner of the city with the payment of a single ticket. The system is still in the implementation stage. It is expected that by 2020 it will function as an integral transportation system throughout the city.
How to use Transmilenio?
If you want to use the public transport system, you should know that you need a special card. That card is rechargeable with credit that covers the cost of the ticket. This card has a cost of $3000 pesos. This cost is a unique investment because it is rechargeable, unless the passenger loses the card. The card of the system is called “Tu Llave” and it is customizable. The cost for using transmilenio is $ 2,300 pesos. Regardless of the number of journeys you use to reach your destination. The only condition is that the user does not leave the station when they have to make transfers.
Some routes require the use of different stops to the stations. You can find this stops using the online route calculation service. If you need to do this type of transfer you have to pay $200 pesos. You have to pass your card in the scanner and the cost will be deducted from your credit. The time to transfer between a station and a stop is 90 minutes from the moment you enter to the system.
To know more about Transmilenio, it is important to know the trunks. Trunks are the portals from where the Transmilenio routes begin and end. The trunks are strategically located in different areas of the city and they are identified with a specific color and letter. Below you would find the description of the trunks that are part of Transmilenio Phase I and II.
Avenida Caracas – Zone A
You can identify this zone with the blue color and the letter A on the buses. This section is composed by 13 stations that run along Caracas Avenue. One of the busiest avenues in the city, that goes from the north to the south. The main station where many services that pass through this area come together is the “Tercer Milenio” station. This area is one of the most affluent due to the large amount of commerce and educational institutions that are along the way.
Portal Norte – Zone B
You can identify this zone with the green color and the letter B on the buses. This section is made by 16 stations that connect the north zone. The first station is “Heroes” and the main station is the “Portal Norte”. Although there are a couple of stations farther north of the northern portal, most services come from this point. This area is characterized by having a large influx of office workers who have their place of work in the north. In addition to being an area with a large number of hotels and financial sector.
Portal Suba – Zone C
You can identify this zone with the yellow color and the letter C on the buses. This section is composed by 15 stations that connect the city from the NQS avenue to the north-western zone of the city. This is one of the areas where greater congestion of passengers and buses is generated. This is because Transmilenio has become the only bus company capable of transporting all the people who live in this area to their places of work throughout the city.
Portal 80 – Zone D
You can identify this zone with the purple color and the letter D in the buses. This section is composed by 13 stations that go from the westernmost part of the city to connect it with the “Heroes” station, point of convergence between the north and the Caracas avenue. The route of Zone D passes through several universities and large shopping centers such as the shopping center “Tital Plaza”. It is also a route that connects the city with different areas such as those already mentioned and even Avenida NQS. Many people move to and from portal 80 because this is a point that connects Bogotá with other neighboring municipalities.
NQS Central – Zone E
You can identify this zone with the brown color and the letter E on the buses. This section has 16 stations that cross the NQS avenue, one of the arteries of the capital’s transport. In this area is the National University station that receives a large part of the 50,000 students who make use of the campus on a daily basis. In addition, the area goes through places of great affluence such as the District Administrative Center and Paloquemao Market. The main station is the “Avenida el Dorado” station.
Portal Americas – Zone F
You can identify this zone with the red color and the letter F on the buses. This section is one of the largest in the city with 18 stations. This is because it crosses the city from the south east to the center of the city. In addition to having intersections that communicate with zone E, G, H and A. The Portal Americas is the main trunk station of this area. The Americas avenue, where the Transmilenio passes is nearby and is connected to the entrance of Bogota by the street 13. Finally this makes that like the Portal de la 80 this route receives many passengers from neighboring municipalities who work in Bogota.
Portal Sur – Zona G
You can identify this zone with the light blue color and the letter G. This section communicates south of the city and connects with Zone E on NQS avenue. It has 17 stations on its route that has additional stations further south of Portal Sur. This is because zone G communicates south of the city with the municipality of Soacha, where Transmilenio has arrived. Like zone C, this area is one of the most congested by the daily flow of transporters.
Bearing in mind that the south of the city is one of the sectors with the highest population density, it is not surprising that all the time there is a great flow of people who are mobilized in Transmilenio. Finally, on the South portal there is a connection that connects the portal with the transport terminal in the south from where buses leave for different cities in the Andean region.
Caracas sur – Zone H
You can identify this zone with the ocher yellow color and the letter H. This section is composed by 16 stations and it is the only area that has two portals. This is because, like the southern portal, it communicates south with the rest of the city and there is a high population density in this area. The portals are the Portal Tunal that connects with El Tunal Shopping Center and Portal Usme, which is one of the working neighborhoods of the city. This road corridor is connected to the zones A and B. In fact, there are routes that cross from Portal Usme to the Portal Norte, crossing the entire city from north to south, passing through Caracas Avenue.
Phase III of Transmilenio: Additional trunks
Given the high demand of the service by users, the system saw the need to expand to some areas that, although already covered by nearby stations of the early stages of construction, demanded the service due to the high mobility of people. The construction of these trunks released the system and served to improve the experience of the users.
Eje ambiental – Zone J
This area was built specifically given the high demand to mobilize students who are transported in this area. In this area there are important universities such as the University of the Andes, the University of Rosario and The Externado. The area is an extension of area F that reaches the easternmost area of the capital to the point near the hills oriental. It is identified with the pink color and it only has 2 stations and its starting point is the station “Las Aguas”.
Calle 26 – Zona K
The Calle 26 is another of the most important mobility arteries of the city. Many people move on this avenue that connects the city from east to west. This section goes from El Dorado Airport to the Universities station. It has 14 stations and it is identified with the golden color. Its main point is El Dorado portal. From where there are feeder and complementary services that go to El Dorado International Airport.
Carrera 10 – Zone L
Despite being parallel to Caracas Avenue, mobility was not enough for the road corridor of areas A, B and H. So to release this area, the trunk line “Portal 20 de Julio” was built, which also runs through the city from the south to a certain area of the north in addition to Zone M that complements the service by the Kr 7ma with complementary services. This stretch has 10 stations and it is identified with the oil blue color.
Carrera 7ma – Zone M
This section is identified with the purple color and it is the only one of the whole system that has stops. In addition to this, the seventh race, given the lack of infrastructure, does not pass biarticulados buses but hybrid buses that stop both in conventional stations as the rest of the system, as well as in non-conventional stops of the Kr 7ma. This zone has as a stop the main station “National Museum”. This zone is a quite tourist place since it communicates neighborhoods like La Macarena, the international center and Chapinero.
Finally, if you are willing to use Transmilenio, we invite you to download the TransmiSITP app that will allow you to have extended information of each station. In addition to helping you put together a travel plan.
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